Menu for Tomorrow: a varied diet
With the Menu for Tomorrow in 2030 it will still be possible to enjoy a varied diet. The Menu is better for animal welfare and keeps the Dutch within their share of global carrying capacity based on the Fair Share principle. Within the Menu for Tomorrow certain products will increase and decrease. Furthermore, several product groups will stay equal, for instance eggs.
Changes within product groups
The proportions of different products within product groups also change. For example, within the product group drinks the amount of tap water increases while the amounts of wine, soft drinks (including ‘light’ drinks) and apple juice decrease. The most striking changes are in the vegetables product group. Field vegetables (including some types of cabbage, carrots, leeks, onions and beetroot) increase at the expense of greenhouse vegetables (including tomatoes, sweet peppers, courgettes and cucumbers) and vegetables from far away (including French beans). This is because the last two sorts of vegetables require the use of much more fossil energy for their cultivation (natural gas) and transport (diesel, kerosene) and therefore produce higher greenhouse gas emissions.
Increase of products: advantages for climate and health
The product groups vegetables, pulses, nuts & seeds, fish, and soy products & vegetarian products take up a greater proportion of the diet in the Menu for Tomorrow than in the 2010 diet. The increase in fish comes entirely from sustainable fisheries.
Reduction of products: high environmental impact, saturated fat and added salt
These increases are matched by reductions in the product groups meat, cheese, drinks, and milk & milk products. These are all product groups that make a considerable contribution to the total greenhouse gas emissions of the current diet.
Principles and background
The scenarios were based on the following principles:
- Fair Share: Each person in the world has the right to an equal share of the global ‘environmental headroom’ (the Fair Share principle).
- Greenhouse gas emissions: We must limit greenhouse gas emissions to a level at which global warming does not exceed 2°C.
- Area of land use: The total area of land used for food production must not exceed the area used today to prevent any natural areas being converted to agriculture for food production.
- Sustainable fisheries: Fish consumed in the Netherlands must come from sustainable fisheries.
- Animal welfare: Animal products must be produced in livestock husbandry systems that take much greater account of animal welfare.
- Productivity and food waste: future improvements in productivity and reductions in food waste are taken into account.